You can get COVID-19 during your travels. Florida's first private university, Stetson University, was founded in 1883. , The state has more than 26,000 square miles (67,000 km2) of forests, covering about half of the state's land area. Rebel Beef: Florida Cattle and the Confederate Army, 1862-1864. , After Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico in September 2017, a large population of Puerto Ricans began moving to Florida to escape the widespread destruction. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was mostly abandoned by 1561. Aside from the dominant Cuban and Puerto Rican populations, there are also large populations of Mexicans, Colombians, and Dominicans, among numerous other groups, as most Latino groups have sizable numbers in the state.  Neither East Florida nor West Florida sent any representatives to Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence. Offshore barrier bars (beaches) rim much of the region and account for most of Florida’s finest beaches. The state has a program for those not covered by Medicaid. Spanish is also widely spoken, especially as immigration has continued from Latin America. Intercity bus travel, which utilizes Florida's highway system, is provided by Greyhound, Megabus, and Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach. On August 14, 2020, Florida began distinguishing between people with positive antigen tests and people with positive PCR tests in the Total Cases number given in their daily state report. The world's top three busiest cruise ports are found in Florida with PortMiami as the busiest and Port Canaveral and Port Everglades as the second and third busiest. The northern portion has been modified with canals, dikes, and pumping stations and is Florida’s principal zone of sugarcane production. Some reference materials may show only 66 because Duval County is consolidated with the City of Jacksonville. Palm trees lining a beach in Key Largo, Florida Keys, Florida, U.S.. , In 2011, there were about 9,000 retail gas stations in the state. Throughout MLB history, other teams have held spring training in Florida. The Confederacy received little help from Florida; the 15,000 men it offered were generally sent elsewhere. , Florida leads the United States in tornadoes per area (when including waterspouts), but they do not typically reach the intensity of those in the Midwest and Great Plains. ", Miami-Dade officials said they were still assessing what the order means for the county.  On March 30, 1822, the U.S. Congress merged East Florida and part of West Florida into the Florida Territory..  Medicaid paid for 60% of all births in Florida in 2009.  Twenty percent of the population speak Spanish as their first language. The Tampa Bay Area, with more than 3.02 million, is the second largest; the Orlando metropolitan area, with more than 2.44 million, is third; and the Jacksonville metropolitan area, with more than 1.47 million, is fourth..  Florida is one of seven states that do not impose a personal income tax. The following day they came ashore to seek information and take possession of this new land. Florida's top countries for export are Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Germany, and Colombia. Propagules fall from late summer through early autumn. The average sales price for an existing house was $131,000, 7% decrease from the prior year.  Today, large concentrations of black residents can be found in northern and central Florida. With a population of more than 18 million, according to the 2010 census, Florida is the most populous state in the southeastern United States and the third-most populous in the United States. The Florida Legislature comprises the Florida Senate, which has 40 members, and the Florida House of Representatives, which has 120 members. , Some Spanish married or had unions with Pensacola, Creek or African women, both slave and free, and their descendants created a mixed-race population of mestizos and mulattos. Check with the state or local authorities where you are, along your route, and at your planned destination to learn about local circumstances and any restrictions that may be in place. Much of Central and North Florida, typically 25 mi (40 km) or more away from the coastline, have rolling hills with elevations ranging from 100 to 250 ft (30 to 76 m). King Charles II of Spain issued a royal proclamation freeing all slaves who fled to Spanish Florida and accepted conversion and baptism. It was admitted as the 27th state in 1845. The Florida Department of State is committed to our customers and we are implementing critical investments to our systems and processes which will improve efficiency and security for Florida businesses. COVID-19 is considered a national health emergency. After meetings beginning in June, rebels overcame the garrison at Baton Rouge (now in Louisiana), and unfurled the flag of the new republic: a single white star on a blue field. Florida gained its first permanent major-league professional sports team in 1966 when the American Football League added the Miami Dolphins. , The Florida panther is close to extinction. This value does not represent the number of specimens.  The hottest temperature ever recorded in Florida was 109 °F (43 °C), which was set on June 29, 1931 in Monticello. Their ruling affirmed the map previously approved by Leon County Judge Terry Lewis, who had overseen the original trial. Florida has a poverty rate of 14.0%, the seventeenth lowest of any state in the country. , Spain regained both East and West Florida after Britain's defeat in the American Revolution and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles in 1783, and continued the provincial divisions until 1821..  Disfranchisement for most African Americans in the state persisted until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s gained federal legislation in 1965 to enforce protection of their constitutional suffrage.  President James Monroe was authorized on March 3, 1821 to take possession of East Florida and West Florida for the United States and provide for initial governance. We have a greater spread of the virus in South Florida than other parts of the state. Mean low temperatures for early to mid January range from the low 40s Fahrenheit (4–7 °C) in north Florida to above 60 °F (16 °C) from Miami on southward.  In Florida, wild populations of coconut palms extend up the East Coast from Key West to Jupiter Inlet, and up the West Coast from Marco Island to Sarasota. Following the American Civil War, Florida's congressional representation was restored on June 25, 1868, albeit forcefully after Radical Reconstruction and the installation of unelected government officials under the final authority of federal military commanders. If you do not want your e-mail address released in response to a public records request, do not send electronic mail to this entity. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In order to curb the spread of COVID-19, many countries have implemented strict screening procedures that deny port entry rights to ships and prevent passengers from disembarking. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. Major ports in Florida include Port Tampa Bay in Tampa, Port Everglades in Fort Lauderdale, Port of Jacksonville in Jacksonville, PortMiami in Miami, Port Canaveral in Brevard County, Port Manatee in Manatee County, and Port of Palm Beach in Riviera Beach.
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