The façade statues are still visible, despite the damage caused by the fire of April 15,2019. The main Façade of Saint Denis basilica – picture by Zairon – Wikimedia Commons. Nothing is known of his childhood, but it is known that he lost both parents by the age of twenty. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Little is known of his life; it is believed that he was martyred during the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Decius in 251 or Valerian in 258. Although, of course, this legend was probably born more than 500 years later in the Medieval songs and tales, and that the truth is certainly less epic, the paranormal story crafted the very special status of the now-called Saint-Denis of Paris. Pages in category "Patron saints of France" The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. Corrections? But the crypt survived. Denis (aka St. Denys) is the patron of France, where he preached the Gospel, and in whose capital city he suffered martyrdom. If you have spent some time in Paris, the Saint Denis Basilica is a good detour worth taking. According to St. Gregory of Tours’s 6th-century Historia Francorum, Denis was one of seven bishops sent to Gaul to convert the people in the reign of the Roman emperor Decius. Denis was born in the early third century in Italy. In the 7th century his relics, which had been founded shortly before by the Merovingian king Dagobert I, were moved to the abbey of St. Denis, near Paris. In the twelfth century, the church was rebuilt under the supervision of abbott Suger. You can find it under an underground parking garage at number 14bis Rue Pierre Nicole in the 5th Arrondissement. Here are eight interesting facts about this important Saint. Today the Crypt still exists. The abbot identified the Parisian Denis with Pseudo-Dionysius, who was believed to have been the Athenian disciple of St. Paul the Apostle but was most likely a Syrian monk of the 5th or 6th century. Denis was born in the early third century in Italy. According to St. Gregory of Tours ’s 6th-century Historia Francorum, Denis was one of seven bishops sent to Gaul to convert the people in the reign of the Roman emperor Decius. Her feast day is February 26th. Pope St. Clement sent Denys as a missionary to France. As the 3rd Century unwound, and as Christiany began to spread massively, the Emperor decided to persecute those who did not worship the Roman gods. She devoted her life to religion and to God's service. At the time, Paris was called Lutetia (Lutèce). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It was an important city – but not the Capital yet – in Gaul, a territory roughly similar to current France, and whose people had learnt to coexist with the Romans since the Roman conquest wars in the 1st Century BC. Christianity, however, was frowned upon by the Romans authorities. In France, regional sayings are linked to this date, for it is believed that the day of Saint Denis is a good indicator of the winter to come. Therefore, Denis’s mission was to spread the core principles of Christianity and invite Lutetia’s inhabitants to turn to this new religion. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. According to the legend, after his beheading, Denis would have picked up his severed head and walked North, for six kilometers, before finally collapsing in a place of his choosing where he had decided to bury his head. Although the way his body reached this place is unsure (the legend not being considered), Saint Denis was buried in a place located to the North of Paris, where now lies the city of Saint-Denis. At last, of course, the martyrdom of Saint Denis fueled painters’ imagination. D. Saint Denis of Paris; J. Joan of Arc; L. Louis IX of France; M. Martin of Tours; Michael (archangel) P. Saint Petronilla; R. Radegund; Saint Remigius ; T. Thérèse of Lisieux; This page was last edited on 8 July 2013, at 10:07 (UTC). Read more. I’ll leave it up to you to decide which etymology your prefer believing. Patron saint of France is a crossword puzzle clue. If you are a normal human being and that you end up beheaded (let’s hope not! Updates? He was even appointed “Bishop”, a word deriving from the Greek “Episkopos”, which means “Guardian”, for Bishops are supposed to guard the authority and the message transferred to them through the Apostles by Jesus. Prayers to Saint Denis the Patron Saint of FranceThere is a patron for virtually every cause, country, profession or special interest. For instance another similar observation was that of the “Ice Saints” (mid-May) which were believed to be the last cold days which farmers needed to wait for before planting the most fragile seeds, for there was a chance for them to freeze. The feast days first arose from the very early Christian custom of the annual commemoration of martyrs on the dates of their deaths at the same time celebrating their birth into heaven. Check Amazon’s best-seller list for the most popular travel accessories. Eventually, Denis was caught and sentenced to death. Patron Saint of France - Patron - Patronage - Christian Art - Life of Saint Denis - Short - Concise - Death - Life - Biography - History - Story - Roman Catholic - Facts - Information - Info - History - Christian - Catholic - Feast Day - Christian Art - Patron - Attributes - Cause - Patron Saint - Patronage - Cause - Saint Denis - Patron Saint of France. Through centuries, and as Christianity became the norm in Europe, this church grew above the ground and soon became the Saint-Mary-of-the-Fields Church. The martyr of Saint Denis by Henri Bellechose – Louvre Museum. In Catholicism, praying some Saints is believed to help fight some diseases. Saint Denis’s saying means that, according to popular belief, the weather observed on October 9 foresees a similar weather for the winter to come…. If secularity according to the French – known as laïcité – could be discussed for hours due to its very nuanced and complex definition, it didn’t erase more than 1500 years of Christian culture. It was an important city – but not the Capital yet – in Gaul, a territory roughly similar to current France, and whose people had learnt to coexist with the Romans since the Roman conquest wars in the 1st Century BC. We sometimes read this list just to find out what new travel products people are buying. Check Amazon’s best-seller list for the most popular travel accessories. Nicolas enjoys long walks across the French Capital, and taking pictures of it along the way. Fast facts and information about Saint Denis the Patron Saint of FranceA patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. Considering that God was light, Suger wanted his new church to let light in, much more than the roman churches of that time allowed. However, after the crypt was threatened by floods, the government decided to classify it a Historic Monument, therefore protecting it from alterations. Saint Denis is celebrated on October 9. King Dagobert I (7th century) was the first king to choose it as his burial place. He then gathered the most modern techniques of architecture to build what is often considered the first gothic church. Sacre Coeur Basilica in Montmartre by Pedro Szekely – Flickr. In Paris, of all the Saints celebrated, one of the most important – and probably most unknown – is certainly the Patron Saint of Paris: Saint Denis of Paris. St. Denis is also venerated as one of the 14 Holy Helpers, an assemblage of saints who were especially popular in the Middle Ages for their powers of intercession. The crypt, although transformed, was never walled up. Saint Denis walking with his head – Jean Bourdichon (1457-1521). Why is Saint Denis the Patron Saint of France?Why is Saint Denis the Patron Saint of France? Little is known of his life; it is believed that he was martyred during the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Decius in 251 or Valerian in 258. France has been a secular country since a law passed in 1905. The following facts provides fast information about Saint Denis: Click the following link for a detailed Biography of Saint Denis the Patron Saint of France. He is the patron saint of bridge builders. St. Denis, Denis also spelled Denys, Latin Dionysius, (born, Rome?—died 258?, Paris; feast day: Western church, October 9; Eastern church, October 3), allegedly first bishop of Paris, a martyr and a patron saint of France. The origin of Feast Days: most saints have specially designated feast days and are associated with a specific day of the year and these are referred to as the saint's feast day. As it grew more and more popular, the church turned into an abbey. His statue stands by a small fountain, in the place where, after his beheading, he is believed to have washed his severed head, in Montmartre. Who is the Patron Saint of France?Who is the Patron Saint of France? The origin of Feast Days: most saints have specially designated feast days and are associated with a specific day of the year and these are referred to as the saint's feast day. Fast facts and information about Saint Denis the Patron Saint of France A patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. March of 1225 in Paris, France and died February 23, 1270. There is a patron for virtually every cause, profession or special interest. Denis’s entered Lutetia from the South and quickly arrived into the Left Bank streets of the Roman city – where most of it lay. In a short amount of time, Denis was heard and had quite an important bunch of followers. (the other explanation being linked to the Temple of Mars that stood there during the Roman ages, thus leading to the name “Mons Martis”). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Mainly, the Parisii (the Gauls who lived in Lutetia) were polytheists. Fourteen saints are particularly important and are known as the Fourteen Holy Helpers. The following facts provides fast information about Saint Denis: Biography of Saint Denis the Patron Saint of France. This list may not reflect recent changes . Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.